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Set up Swagger and API versioning in .NET 5 web API


If you are developing any API, having good documentation and proper versioning is absolutely crucial. In this blog post I will show how to set up API versioning and Swagger in a .NET 5 web API. For demo purposes, I created a new .NET 5 API project using Visual Studio. The source code can be found here:

What is Swagger?

Swagger is an interface description language used, in combination with other open-sourced tools, to build and document RESTful APIs.

Step 1

To get started with setting up Swagger and API versioning, install the required NuGet packages:

Step 2

To set up API versioning, add the following code in the ConfigureServices method in the Startup.cs class:


    // Add the code below
    services.AddApiVersioning(options =>
        options.ReportApiVersions = true;
        options.DefaultApiVersion = new Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.ApiVersion(1, 0);

    services.AddVersionedApiExplorer(options =>
        options.GroupNameFormat = "'v'VVV";
        options.SubstituteApiVersionInUrl = true;

The above code adds the versioning service to the application container and sets the default API version to 1.0.

Step 3


Before configuring Swagger, enable XML documentation for your project. You can do this by navigating to the project properties:

Solution explorer > Right click on the project > Properties > Build tab

Click the checkbox to enable XML documentation and add an extra warning code, 1591, in the "Suppress warnings" textbox as shown in the screenshot. Suppressing the warning code will prevent the compiler from showing warnings for all undocumented types and properties in the application.

Enable XML documentation and suppress warning in .NET 5 API


To set up Swagger, create a class called, SwaggerConfigureOptions.cs. Add the following code to the class:

    public class SwaggerConfigureOptions : IConfigureOptions<SwaggerGenOptions>
        private readonly IApiVersionDescriptionProvider _provider;

        public SwaggerConfigureOptions(IApiVersionDescriptionProvider provider) => _provider = provider;

        public void Configure(SwaggerGenOptions options)
            foreach (var desc in _provider.ApiVersionDescriptions)
                options.SwaggerDoc(desc.GroupName, new Microsoft.OpenApi.Models.OpenApiInfo
                    Title = "My Test API",
                    Version = desc.ApiVersion.ToString(),

This code will ensure that a unique Swagger document is generated for each API version.


To add the Swagger services to the container, add the following code in the ConfigureServices method in the Startup.cs class:

    var xmlFile = $"{Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().GetName().Name}.xml";
    var xmlFilePath = Path.Combine(AppContext.BaseDirectory, xmlFile);

    services.AddTransient<IConfigureOptions<SwaggerGenOptions>, SwaggerConfigureOptions>();
    services.AddSwaggerGen(options =>


To use Swagger in the HTTP request pipeline, add the following code in the Configure method in the Startup.cs class:

    app.UseSwagger(options =>
        options.PreSerializeFilters.Add((swagger, req) =>
            swagger.Servers = new List<OpenApiServer>() { new OpenApiServer() { Url = $"https://{req.Host}" } };

    app.UseSwaggerUI(options =>
        foreach (var desc in apiVersionDescriptionProvider.ApiVersionDescriptions)
            options.SwaggerEndpoint($"../swagger/{desc.GroupName}/swagger.json", desc.ApiVersion.ToString());

Once API versioning and Swagger have been set up, you can add the [ApiVersion] attribute in your controllers and document the API endpoints using XML comments.

An example controller is shown below:

    public class MessageController : ControllerBase
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets message by ID
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="id"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public ActionResult<List<Message>> Get(int id)
            return Ok(new Message
                Id = id,
                Text = "Hello world"

If you run the API project and navigate to the URL (https://localhost:5001/swagger) you will see the documented API as shown in the screenshot:

Swagger documentation example

If you are interested in the source code, check out the repository here.